Annual Gynecological Exam
An annual gynecological exam or gynecology test is an essential aspect of preventative care for all women. Therefore, Dr. Mariz recommends that women have a gynecological exam at least once a year. The gyno check-up includes a general health history, pelvic exam, potentially a pap smear, and most importantly, discussion of any questions or concerns the patient may have.
The annual gynecological test is recommended at least once a year for all sexually active adult women. Besides the physical examination, during women’s yearly exam, New York gynecologist Dr. Mariz check vital signs, including pulse, respiration, blood pressure, and testing for sexually transmitted diseases, urine, and blood tests. In addition, the exam includes screening tests for gynecological and breast cancers.
The gyno exam will begin by taking a thorough history of the patient, including asking questions about gynecological and obstetrical history, including sexual activity and pain. The history will include past medical, surgical, family history, and medications. Giving the women’s health specialists a complete history will help them tailor their recommendations to the patient.
The OBGYN specialist, Dr. Mariz, will perform a breast examination. Patients need to note any new discharge, bleeding, pain, lumps, or bumps they may have noticed. The patient’s armpits are also examined, looking for lymph nodes or masses. If your doctor finds an abnormality, they may send the patient for further testing with breast ultrasound or mammogram.
The pelvic exam is an evaluation of the pelvic organs of a woman. During the pelvic exam, the gynecologist will inspect the external genitalia visually.
The purpose of the speculum exam is to visualize the vaginal canal which leads to the cervix. A cervical evaluation is key to a women’s health visit. Abnormal bleeding issues or issues with pain during sex or pelvic pain always start with a speculum exam. Many reasons for these concerns may be discovered without the need for further examinations. This is an important aspect of the pelvic exam as the doctor can screen for masses or other abnormalities leading to further testing if necessary.
The speculum examination is recommended for all adult women regardless of their sexual activity. The speculum can be made of either metal or plastic and has two parts that help open the vagina so that the doctor can properly visualize the vaginal walls and cervix with the help of a light source.
Screening Test for Cervical Cancer
The pap smear is used as a screening test for cervical cancer and looks for infections with the human papillomavirus. You may or may not need a pap smear during your annual exam, depending on your last visit and current symptoms.
During the pap smear, the doctor will gently brush some cells off the surface of the cervix as well as from the sides of the cervix. After the exam, there may be temporary spotting from this procedure. This is normal and will usually resolve within 24 hours.
The samples are sent to a pathologist who will look at the cells under a microscope to determine if the cells look abnormal. If the cells appear anything different than normal, it will usually lead to the recommendation for a colposcopy test. A colposcopy test is when the women’s health specialist takes a closer look at the patient’s cervix and vagina using a special microscope. In addition, we may take samples by doing a small biopsy of the cervix and or vagina, which will also be sent to a pathologist for evaluation.
Discuss Sensitive Issues
The Manhattan Women’s Health and Wellness annual exam is an excellent opportunity for the patients in New York City to discuss any sensitive issues of concern to the woman, such as frequent urination, abnormal bleeding, or painful intercourse.
Have questions about the Annual OB-GYN exam in NYC? Then, schedule an appointment with the best Midtown NYC gynecologist, Dr. Fernando Mariz, of Manhattan Women’s Health and Wellness, today.
New York City Locations:
Manhattan Women's Health & Wellness (Upper East Side)
983 Park Ave, Ste 1D17
New York, NY 10028
Manhattan Women's Health & Wellness (Midtown)
51 East 25th St, Ste 451
New York, NY 10010
Manhattan Women's Health & Wellness (Union Square)
55 W 17th St, Ste 104
New York, NY 10011